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Why are space chimps so important? Before humans went into space the chimps were used to test the effects of space flight. They were trained to carry out various tasks on space ships by getting bananas for performing correctly and receiving mild electric shocks for making mistakes.
Ham was the first chimpanzee launched into outer space in the American space program. Read about Ham the Chimp's interesting life.
Enos was the first chimpanzee that successfully orbited the Earth. His training was more intense than the Ham's. Read about Enos training and his space travel.